El Gobierno de Brasil, en ‘fuera de juego’ por las protestas: “no comprenden el fenómeno”

Publicado: 20 jun 2013

AFP Nelson Almeida

El analista político Adrian Salbuchi cree que el gobierno de Brasil no ha comprendido las protestas, ya que —dice— el pueblo se queja de que se descuiden los servicios públicos mientras se hacen inversiones millonarias en eventos deportivos.

“El gobierno de Brasil no ha comprendido adecuadamente este fenómeno social que se está dando en las protestas y que fueron disparadas por un aumento en las tarifas de transporte, pero que son de una raíz mucho más profunda”, comenta el analista político en declaraciones con RT.

Salbuchi considera que la inversión de miles de millones de dólares en el Mundial de fútbol de 2014 y en las Olimpiadas de Río de Janeiro de 2016 es lo que verdaderamente desata la ira en los brasileños, ya que —sostiene— “no se pone el mismo dinero” para mejorar el transporte, los centros de salud público y la educación.

Por otro lado, el experto recuerda que cuando empezaron las protestas, el propio alcalde de Sao Paulo, Fernando Haddad, se encontraba en París tratando de obtener para Brasil la sede de la Expo Mundial de 2020. Las autoridades de Brasil —dice el analista— “evidentemente no están leyendo la realidad” ni “los grafittis en las paredes que son la voz del pueblo”.

La presidenta Dilma Rousseff califica las protestas de legítimas y dijo estar dispuesta a escuchar el clamor de los manifestantes. Aunque varias ciudades ya han anulado los aumentos en las tarifas de transporte público, las protestas también cargan contra la corrupción y exigen mejoras en la educación y hospitales, así como un transporte público de calidad.

Las manifestaciones comenzaron hace unos 10 días en Sao Paulo a raíz del alza del boleto de bus, tren y metro de 1.5 a 1.6 dólares, días antes del inicio de la Copa Confederaciones, un ensayo general del Mundial-2014 entre los campeones de cada continente, lo cual les ha dado una fuerte visibilidad dentro y fuera de fronteras.

Rápidamente, se expandieron a otras ciudades y la causa se amplió a denuncias contra los 15 mil millones de dólares destinados por el gobierno para el Mundial de fútbol del año próximo.

Los manifestantes piden ese dinero para vivienda digna, salud y educación públicas de calidad, en este país donde existe aún una gran brecha entre pobres y ricos.

El ministro brasileño de Deportes, Aldo Rebelo, advirtió que el gobierno no tolerará manifestaciones que perturben la realización de los partidos de la Confederaciones.

En su mayoría jóvenes de clase media, los manifestantes han denunciado la represión policial, especialmente el jueves pasado en Sao Paulo, donde hubo más de 230 detenidos y un centenar de heridos.

Las protestas ocurren en un momento de magro crecimiento económico en Brasil (0.6 por ciento en el primer trimestre) y una inflación en alza (6.5 por ciento anual en mayo, el techo de la meta oficial).

Recientes encuestas señalaron por primera vez una caída en la aprobación del gobierno de la presidenta Dilma Rousseff, sobre todo entre los más jóvenes y más ricos.

Rousseff fue abucheada el sábado en el estadio de Brasilia, al declarar inaugurada la Confederaciones junto al presidente de la FIFA, Joseph Blatter, aunque cuenta todavía con niveles de popularidad récord y es favorita para la reelección en 2014.(Afp)

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