Alan García murió inocente según la ley

¿Qué pasará ahora con el proceso contra Alan García por el caso Odebrecht tras su fallecimiento?

INTRODUCCION DE LA R. DE CN.- Según un precepto jurídico se presume la inocencia de un imputado mientras no se pruebe lo contrario, Alan García murió inocente, ni siquiera llegó a ser un investigado y mucho menos un procesado. Según la ley peruana le correspondían honores de exjefe de Estado, pero que la familia muy acertadamente no aceptó y procedió a hacerle el velatorio – salvo el paréntesis de su partido velándolo tumultuosamente en su local partidario -, el cremado de sus restos y envasado de cenizas totalmente privado. Total, es típico en nuestra sociedad referirse a los difuntos como el “muertito”. Es decir no hay muerto malo, siempre se le encontrara -pese a todo – su lado bueno.

Redacciٖón de LaMula.pe

Según el penalista Carlos Caro, el expresidente murió siendo inocente para la ley, pero sus ocho coprocesados por la trama corrupta de Lava Jato, sí deberán responder ante la justicia.

2019-04-17.-Alan García decidió tomarse su propia vida antes que responder a la justicia. El expresidente se disparó en la cabeza este miércoles por la mañana en su casa cuando agentes de la Policía y personal de la fiscalía le notificaron una orden de detención preliminar en su contra por el caso Odebrecht. Casi tres horas después de haber ingresado a la sala de operaciones del hospital Casimiro Ulloa, falleció luego de que le sobrevinieran tres paros cardiorespiratorios, informó el Ministerio de Salud.

Pero, ¿qué pasará ahora con la investigación en su contra, a cargo del fiscal José Domingo Pérez Gómez, del equipo especial Lava Jato, por la trama de corrupción de Odebrecht? El abogado penalista Carlos Caro explicó en Gestión que la muerte de García Pérez provocará que se archiven este y todos los procesos en su contra.

“La muerte del imputado es una causal de archivamiento inmediato de todos los procesos, es decir, todos los casos del señor García van a tener que ser archivados con la sola presentación de su partida de defunción”.
Pero aclaró que los procesos contra el resto de los imputados en la investigación fiscal sigue su curso. De hecho junto con la detención preliminar de García Pérez, se ordenó también la misma medida judicial en contra de ocho exfuncionarios de su último gobierno, así como el allanamiento de sus viviendas.
Entre los coinvestigados en el proceso con orden de detención preliminar están el exministro Enrique Cornejo, el exsecretaio de Palacio de Gobierno Luis Nava y el exvicepresidnete de Petroperú, Miguel Atala, entre otros. “Eso (la muerte de Alan García) no quita que las demás personas sigan siendo investigados sin ninguna limitación”, detalló Caro.

¿Y su patrimonio?

Caro refirió que el archivamiento del proceso implica que no afectaría los bienes del ex jefe de Estado, pero el penalista explicó que el Ministerio Público podría iniciar un proceso de extinción de dominio en caso la investigación determine que existen propiedades de origen ilícito dejados por Alan García.
“Es un proceso de naturaleza no penal manejado por un juez y un fiscal especializado de pérdida de dominio. El actual fiscal de pérdida de dominio es Hamilton Castro. Se trata de un proceso contra los bienes más que contra las personas”.

En el caso del expresidente aprista, la investigación fiscal ya lo tenía cercado, en virtud a que el equipo Lava Jato obtuvo la evidencia documental de los millonarios pagos ─más de US$ 4.5 millones─ que Nava Guibert recibió de Odebrecht a través del esquema encriptado de la Caja 2 que utilizaba la constructora para ocultar los sobornos.

Las sospechas de la fiscalía aumentaron porque tanto el exsecretario de Palacio como Miguel Atala, quien fungió de testaferro de Nava Guibert para encubrir los pagos de Odebrecht, no tenían ninguna relación ni poder de decisión en proyectos como el Metro de Lima o la Interoceánica Sur, en los que Odebrecht pagó coimas.  Por ello en el equipo Lava Jato creen que ellos no son en realidad los destinatarios finales del dinero sucio de la constructora.

Los ocho coinvestigados

1) Enrique Cornejo fue en su gestión como ministro de Transportes en que se entregó a Odebrecht el proyecto de la Línea 1 del Metro de Lima, obra emblema de García en la que la constructora brasileña admitió haber pagado más de 24 millones de dólares en sobornos. El exministro ya está en manos de la justicia.

2) Luis Nava Guibert, abogado de profesión fue secretario de Palacio de Gobierno en la gestión de García. Hombre de total y absoluta confianza del expresidente, que en el tramo final de su última gestión (de mayo a julio de 2011) incluso lo nombró ministro de la Producción, quizá con la intención de otorgarle la prorrogativa de antejuicio político, que ya prescribió (dura cinco años). Nava se internó en una clínica el último lunes ante su inminente detención, luego de que la fiscalía señaló que había recibido 4 millones de Odebrecht como pagos por presuntas coimas a la gestión de García por el proyecto IIRSA Sur (Tramos 1 y 2).

3) José Antonio Nava Mendiola es hijo de Luis Nava y gerente de Transportes Don Reyna, empresa con la que Odebrecht habría realizado contratos en el gobierno aprista. Habría recibido siete depósitos de Odebrecht a cuenta de la coima por el Proyecto de la Línea 1 del Metro de Lima, según documentos que la empresa brasileña entregó a la fiscalía. Se fue a EEUU la semana pasada, el mismo día en que se enteró que se había pedido su impedimento de salida del país.

4) Miguel Atala Herrera fue vicepresidente la estatal Petroperú durante el gobierno del ex presidente Alan García. Recibió 1.3 millones de Odebrecht en una cuenta bancaria abierta en Andorra. La fiscalía sostiene que Atala Herrera solo fue un mero testaferro de Luis Nava Guibert, según la documentación de la empresa Odebrecht en la que se da cuenta de que entre noviembre del 2007 y febrero del 2008, la constructora brasileña realizó pagos a Atala para una persona sindicada como ‘Chalán’, quien es Nava Guibert.

5) Samir Atala Nemi es hijo Miguel Atala y abrió cuentas mancomunadas en Andorra para recibir los pagos de Odebrecht. Según la fiscalía, recibió cinco transferencias en dólares (9 mil, 300 mil, 250 mil, 200 mil y 262 mil, entre el 2008 al 2013) a la offshore Ammarin Investment, de la cual es apoderado.

6) Oswaldo Plascencia fue director ejecutivo de la Autoridad Autónoma del Tren Eléctrico de Lima (AATE) en el último gobierno aprista. En su gestión, según la fiscalía, se suscribió la adenda N°1 con el consorcio integrado por Odebrecht que habría beneficiado a la constructora brasileña.

7) Jorge Luis Menacho fue ex secretario del Ministerio de Transportes y persona de confianza del exministro Enrique Cornejo Ramírez.

8) Raúl Antonio Torres Trujillo fue jefe de Provías Nacional adscrito al MTC durante el segundo gobierno de Alan García

(FOTO LEYENDA)

En un informe que presentó el fiscal de lavado de activos José Castellanos al juez Richard Concepción, del Primer Juzgado de Investigación Preparatoria Nacional, se señala que los tres hijos y un hermano del exsecretario general de Palacio en el último gobierno aprista, Luis Nava Guibert, quienes figuran como propietarios de la empresa Transportes Don Reyna, no pudieron acreditar el origen de los 3 millones de soles con los que compraron 12 camiones Scania. Con esa flota, Transportes Don Reyna le prestó servicios a la compañía Odebrecht en cinco megaproyectos que ejecutó en el Perú, por un monto que supera los 17 millones de dólares, entre 2007 y 2017, informó La República.
Alan García dijo en público que no temía investigación y en secreto busca cambiar a fiscal que ve su caso
Sus abogados presentan hasta tres escritos para sacar del medio al magistrado José Pérez Gómez, quien la semana pasada formalizó la pesquisa en su contra por aportes que Odebrecht habría hecho a su campaña.

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